|Model predictive trajectory optimization and control for autonomous surface vessels considering traffic rules
|A. Tsolakis, R.R. Negenborn, V. Reppa, L. Ferranti
|IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
|This paper presents a rule-compliant trajectory optimization method for the guidance and control of Autonomous Surface Vessels. The method builds on Model Predictive Contouring Control and incorporates the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea relevant to motion planning. We use these rules for traffic situation assessment and to derive traffic-related constraints that are inserted in the optimization problem. Our optimization-based approach enables the formalization of abstract verbal expressions, such as traffic rules, and their incorporation in the trajectory optimization algorithm along with the dynamics and other constraints that dictate the system’s evolution over a sufficiently long planning horizon. The ability to plan considering different types of constraints and the system’s dynamics, over a long horizon in a unified manner, leads to a proactive motion planner that mimics rule-compliant maneuvering behavior, suitable for navigation in mixed-traffic environments. The efficacy and scalability of the derived algorithm are validated in different simulation scenarios, including complex traffic situations with multiple Obstacle Vessels.
|Model predictive trajectory optimization and control for autonomous surface vessels considering traffic rules. A. Tsolakis, R.R. Negenborn, V. Reppa, L. Ferranti. Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2024.
copy of this publication.