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Title:Operational flood control of a low-lying delta system using large time step Model Predictive Control
Authors:X. Tian, P.J. van Overloop, R.R. Negenborn, N. van de Giesen

Journal:Advances in Water Resources

Abstract:The safety of low-lying deltas is threatened not only by riverine flooding but by storm-induced coastal flooding as well. For the purpose of flood control, these deltas are mostly protected in a man-made environment, where dikes, dams and other adjustable infrastructures, such as gates, barriers and pumps are widely constructed. Instead of always reinforcing and heightening these structures, it is worth considering making the most of the existing infrastructure to reduce the damage and manage the delta in an operational and overall way. In this study, an advanced real-time control approach, Model Predictive Control, is proposed to operate these structures in the Dutch delta system (the Rhine-Meuse delta). The application covers non-linearity in the dynamic behavior of the water system and the structures. To deal with the non-linearity, a linearization scheme is applied which directly uses the gate height instead of the structure flow as the control variable. Given the fact that MPC needs to compute control actions in real-time, we address issues regarding computational time. A new large time step scheme is proposed in order to save computation time, in which different control variables can have different control time steps. Simulation experiments demonstrate that Model Predictive Control with the large time step setting is able to control a delta system better and much more efficiently than the conventional operational schemes.

Reference:X. Tian, P.J. van Overloop, R.R. Negenborn, N. van de Giesen. Operational flood control of a low-lying delta system using large time step Model Predictive Control. Advances in Water Resources, vol. 75, pp. 1-13, January 2015.
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