Research themes       Rudy Negenborn
Associate Professor
Team & Themes

Research theme: Intelligent multi-agent control for flexible coordination of transport hubs

Project: Innovative Concepts for Inter Terminal Transport on Maasvlakte 1 and 2 at the Port of Rotterdam

Port Research Center Delft / Erasmus SmartPort Research Cooperation with Port of Rotterdam Authority -- Period: 2013/06 - ongoing


The construction of Maasvlakte 2 will increase the port area in the Port of Rotterdam with 1.000 ha of new port terrains. It is expected that container terminals will be the dominant user of Maasvlakte 2. Terminals of APMT and Rotterdam World Gateway are currently being constructed. Together with three big terminals already in use at Maasvlakte 1 (ECT Delta, Euromax terminals, and the APMT Maasvlakte 1 terminal), a global container hub complex will be realized, expected to handle more than 30 million TEU per year towards 2035 (high growth scenario Global Economy).

The five terminals of Maasvlakte 1 and 2 are not operating in isolation. They use a common infrastructure with respect to customs activities like container scanning and container depots. In addition the activities of the five terminals will generate internal transport movements between the different locations on Maasvlakte 1 and 2.
The volume of the internal transport movements is expected to become substantial: The port of Rotterdam estimates inter terminal transport (ITT) volumes between 2 and 5 million TEU per year.

The main challenge is how to organize this internal container transport at Maasvlakte 1 and 2. In this project the goal is to develop innovative, non-conventional concepts for ITT for the port of Rotterdam, which will prepare the port of Rotterdam to handle these large volumes of ITT in an efficient way.

Project leader:
Rudy Negenborn (TUDelft)

Contributing researchers:
Ir. Mark Duinkerken (TUDelft)
Frans Nieuwkoop (TUDelft)
Herbert Schroer (TUDelft)
Erik Gerritse (TUDelft)
Lars de Lange (TUDelft)
Edwin de Vries (TUDelft)
Tom Boontjes (TUDelft)
Dr. Rudy Negenborn (TUDelft)
Dr. Francesco Corman (TUDelft)
Prof. Gabriel Lodewijks (TUDelft)
Prof. Lori Tavasszy (TUDelft)

Rick Jansen (Erasmus University)
Mohamed El Koubai (Erasmus University)
Pengdi Liu (Erasmus University)
Charlie Ye (Erasmus University)
Dr. Amir Gharehgozli (Erasmus University)
Prof. Rommert Dekker (Erasmus University)
Prof. Rene de Koster (Erasmus University)
Prof. Rob Zuidwijk (Erasmus University)

Leonard Heilig (University of Hamburg)
Prof. Stefan Voss (University of Hamburg)

Ir. Maurits van Schuylenburg (Port of Rotterdam Authority)
D0: Definition of common parameter values required for ITT system design

D1.1: Analysis for Inter Terminal Transportation demand scenarios for the Maasvlakte I and II in 2030

D1.2: Generator for future inter terminal container transport demand scenarios on the Maasvlakte 1 and 2

D2.1: Determining ITT configurations on the Maasvlakte by integer programming

D2.2: Optimizing Inter Terminal Transportation at the Port of Rotterdam: An Asset light Solution

D3.1: Determining the cost savings for the participants in a joint inter terminal transport system at the Port of Rotterdam

D3.2: Evaluation of Inter Terminal Transport Configurations at the Maasvlakte 1 and 2 using Discrete Event Simulation

Developed ITT Design Research Tools:
Gener-ITT v1.0 -- Generator for ITT demand scenarios at a per container level
Optimal-ITT v1.0 -- ITT Configuration determination using optimality principles
Detail-ITT v1.0 -- Detailed operational simulator of ITT processes for configuration evaluation
ViReal-ITT v1.0 -- Virtual visualization of expected realistic ITT transport moves

For more information regarding selected scenarios, developed models and software, feel free to contact Rudy Negenborn.

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